Sperm donation

What is sperm donation

Sperm donation is a procedure in which a man donates the sperm to help an individual or a couple conceive.

Donated sperm can be injected into a woman’s reproductive organs (intrauterine insemination, IUI) or used to fertilise eggs in the laboratory (in vitro fertilisation, IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection, ICSI).

Reasons for sperm donation

Who can be a sperm donor?

What are the screening tests done for the sperm donor?

Sperm donation FAQS

The recipient as well as her partner, if appropriate, should both be evaluated prior to commencing treatment. The purpose would be to minimise adverse health effects to the recipient as well as the baby.

The recipient as well as her partner, if appropriate, should be screened for infectious diseases to rule out any legal or medical concern that may arise during or after treatment. Serologic test for HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Rubella, CMV, Syphilis, Gonorrhoea, and Chlamydia.

Depending on which country the treatment takes place, in case of unknown donor the sperm bank can offer the recipient access to identifying or non-identifying information, which the donor has supplied including physical characteristics (hair and eye colour, height, weight, build, skin colour), ethnicity, blood group, career and education.

Donor sperm is used to fertilise eggs, either by artificial insemination or in vitro fertilisation. 

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a treatment in which the sperm is injected directly into the uterus at or around the time of ovulation. The treatment can be done in a natural menstrual cycle or in a stimulated cycle using low doses of hormones.

IVF with donor sperm involves the insemination of the collected eggs with the donor sperm in the laboratory. The resulting embryo(s) is transferred to the uterus.

Success rates with donor sperm depend on various factors, including chronological age of the recipient, the type of treatment the recipient is having, previous obstetric histories, the quality of sperm, and the fertility potential assessed by a variety of tests done prior to starting the process of sperm donation.

Intended parents will benefit from having implication counselling, as continuing with treatment involving sperm donation is a multifaceted decision to make.  

Counselling with a qualified fertility counsellor with knowledge in gamete donation is strongly recommended.

The assessment should include a clinical interview and, where appropriate, psychological assessment. 

Issues commonly addressed:

  • Challenges of unknown/anonymous and known donation
  • Long-term impact on the family
  • The limitations to donor screening
  • The desired qualities of the donor and its implications
  • Grief and loss
  • Needs of donor-conceived child(ren)
  • Future implications for the child(ren) 
  • Impact of possible treatment failure

In cases of known donation, the potential impact of the relationship between the donor and recipient should be explored, as well as any plans that may exist relating to disclosure and future contact.

Only frozen sperm can be purchased. Sperm is stored in straws and frozen.

Choose the sperm bank.

Start your donor search by filtering your personal preferences. 

Find your favourite sperm donor (by reading their profiles).

Order and pay for the number of straws that you need, according to what has been recommended to you by the fertility consultant.

Arrange a reputable courier to transport your selected sperm from the bank to the centre of excellence where you will be having treatment. 

Date from shipment of sperm to arrival at the centre of excellence may vary depending on where the sperm bank is. You need to be aware that the donor sperm needs to reach the centre of excellence prior to commencement of treatment.

Book a consultation

NOW-fertility’s commitment is to make fertility care accessible, successful and stress free for patients.

If you are ready to start your journey, book a consultation with one of our experienced fertility consultants.

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